Return on investment (RoI) and value contribution
The Volkswagen Group’s financial target system centers on continuously and sustainably increasing the value of the Company. We have been using the return on investment (RoI) and value contribution*, a key performance indicator linked to the cost of capital, for a number of years, in order to use resources in the Automotive Division efficiently and to measure the success of this.
The concept of value-based management allows the success of our innovative, environmentally oriented product portfolio to be evaluated. This concept also enables the earnings strength of individual business units and projects, such as the new plants in India, Russia and North America, to be measured.
Components of value contribution
Value contribution is calculated using operating profit after tax and the opportunity cost of invested capital. Operating profit shows the economic performance of the Automotive Division and is initially a pre-tax figure.
Using the various international income tax rates of the relevant companies, we assume an overall average tax rate of 30% when calculating the operating profit after tax.
The cost of capital is multiplied by the invested capital to give the opportunity cost of capital. Invested capital is calculated as total operating assets (property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, inventories and receivables) less non-interest-bearing liabilities (trade payables and payments on account received).
As the concept of value-based management only comprises our operating activities, assets relating to investments in subsidiaries and associates and the investment of cash funds are not included when calculating invested capital. Interest charged on these assets is reported in the financial result.
* The value contribution corresponds to the Economic Value Added (EVA®). EVA® is a registered trademark of Stern Stewart & Co.